In this context "international diplomacy from below" means: purposeful efforts to resolve the Syrian humanitarian crisis through international coordination and communication between domestic civil society and activist groups rather than governments (e.g. imagine Britain's Stop the War Coalition coordinating with an anti-Putinist group in Russia).To see how this sort of activism could fit into the broader framework of traditional diplomacy on Syria, it's worth thinking through what a diplomatic process to resolve the Syrian Civil War might look like.
Persistent domestic political pressure from a lively anti-war movement committed to a diplomatic solution to the Syrian crisis could presumably push the administration to consider using more of its leverage in negotiations.
But where domestic activism falls short, maybe international diplomacy from below could pick up some slack by applying pressure to the other relevant powers involved in Syria
[ed notes:these of course conveniantly consist of everyone but the main agressors,turkey,u.s.,israhell,qatar,saudi arabia,europe!!
[[[It's no secret that the Iranian regime is particularly resistant to the pressures of domestic oppositional movements. But, the Russian government, for its flaws, could conceivably be affected enough by a domestic opposition movement to alter some of its diplomatic calculus.]]]] There may be a unique an opportunity for US groups interested in peace in Syria to coordinate with oppositional activist groups in Russia - all of which have a stake in
[ed notes:im just citing few paragraphs,its the usual garbage you would expect from ''truth-out''....the author cites soros 'crisis group'' pundits and more...basically the author suggests forcing russias hands on Syria by destabilizing russia ith its western funded dissidents and the usual color funded revolutionist armies it controls...more on truth-out here ,see ... TRUTHOUT , AND THE ZIOINIST -NEOCON TIED RAHA IRANIAN FEMINIST COLLECTIVE FRAUD