ICG's April 11, 2011 report, "Thailand: The Calm Before Another Storm?" attempts to encapsulate the political turmoil by deeming Thaksin's "red shirt" mob as "anti-establishment demonstrators." It continues by conceding that indeed the red shirts have employed "amateurish bomb attacks" but downplays their significance. It should be noted that these "amateurish bomb attacks" have maimed and even killed people. In fact, both BBC and the ICG had preceded the bombing campaigns with warnings to Thailand, not to the terrorists working for Thaksin, but to the government to act carefully so as to not provoke the "red shirts."
The ICG report goes on to claim that the political turmoil is between the Thai establisment, including the military, the monarchy, and the judiciary verses Thaksin. It concludes that the elections, regardless of whether they are fair and free, will be unsatisfactory to Thaksin and his red mob if they are not the winners. When considering who is backing Thaksin, it would be more accurate to state that it is really a power struggle between Thailand as a nation and the foreign-backed billionaire Thaksin Shinwatra, who now resides in Dubai and regularly phones into the "red shirt rallies."